The Standing Head to Knee Pose improves concentration, patience and determination. It strengthens the cardiovascular system (the heart and blood vessels) and improves memory (in this pose, the head lies even with the heart). It also strengthens the abdominal and thigh muscles and the nerves, increases flexibility in the pelvis and reinforces the tendons. The upper body is strengthened in the deltoid and trapezoidal muscles, the dorsal oblique muscle, the shoulder muscles and the biceps and triceps. Touching the forehead to the front knee stimulates the gall bladder, pancreas and spleen.